By: Rui Costa
From: Universidade de Aveiro
At: Instituto de Investigação Interdisciplinar, Anfiteatro
Percolation refers to the emergence of a giant connected cluster in a disordered system when the number of connections between nodes exceeds a critical value. The percolation phase transitions were believed to be continuous until recently when in a new so-called âexplosive percolationâ problem for a competition driven process, a discontinuous phase transition was reported. The analysis of evolution equations for this process showed however that this transition is actually continuous though with surprisingly tiny critical exponents. For a wide class of representative models, we develop a strict scaling theory of this exotic transition which provides the full set of scaling functions and critical exponents. This theory indicates the relevant order parameter and susceptibility for the problem, and explains the continuous nature of this transition and its unusual properties.