By: Claudia Cardoso
From: Univ. Coimbra
At: Instituto de Investigação Interdisciplinar, Anfiteatro
The special interest in molecular design for the development of novel second-order nonlinear optical (SONLO) materials is driven by their potential applications in new optoelectronic technologies. Various strategies are currently employed to enhance the molecular SONLO activity, and studies revealed that species having open-shell electronic states exhibit larger β values than analogous closed-shell systems. Their open-shell electronic structurte leads to accessible low-lying charge transfer electronic states which enhance the β values with respect to their closed-shell counterparts.
We present the results of Density Functional Theory and Time Dependent Density Functional Theory calculations of a series of substituted polychlorinated triphenylmethyl radicals. This family of radicals has been measured by Ratera et al using Hyper-Rayleigh Scattering and showed to have enhanced β values. The present study compares results obtained within LDA and several hybrid functionals, namely long-range corrected functionals. The effect of solvents was also considered through the use of the polarizable continuum model.